Knee Pain

Knee pain can be pin pointed to a specific area of the knee or can be diffuses throughout the knee. The knee is a weight-bearing, hinge joint and is supported by ligaments on each side which cross over the knee cap. Its design is less stable than a ball-and-socket joint, which makes it more prone to injury. Some of the symptoms of knee injury can include, swelling, stiffness, and pain.

The knee is the largest joint in the body. The bones of the knee are partitions by two menisci discs.Movements at the knee joint are essential to most everyday activities such as walking, running, sitting and standing. Treatment for knee problems can include first aid measures, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery.

The knee is a very complex joint in the body. Tendons connect the knee bones to the leg muscles. Ligaments connect the knee bones and they provide stability to the knee.

Ligaments in the knee:

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Posterior cruciate ligament
  • Medial collateral ligaments
  • Lateral collateral ligaments

Some of the most common causes of knee pain are, Chondromalacia patella which is an irritation to cartilage. Knee osteoarthritis, which is a common form of arthritis. Knee effusion, which is a condition where fluid builds up in the knee. Meniscal tear, which is caused by damage to the meniscus. ACL or anterior cruciate ligament tear which leads to the knee giving out and often requires surgery to fix.

Conditions Associated with Knee Pain

  • Cancer Pain
  • Osteoporosis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
  • Tendinitis and Bursitis
  • Sciaticia

Common Treatments for Knee Pain

  • Epidural Nerve Block
  • Intra-Articular Joint Injections
  • Medication Management
  • Rehabilitation

Knee Pain FAQs

Treatments will differ based on what is causing your knee discomfort.

Your doctor may prescribe pain relievers and drugs to treat the illnesses causing your knee discomforts, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout. In extreme cases, they may also recommend surgical treatments such as Epidural Nerve Block, Medication Management, Rehabilitation, therapies, and joint injections.

Knee discomfort that develops gradually or as a result of more vigorous activities can be treated at home. However, your hip pain is significant if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Significant swelling
  • Redness
  • Significant soreness
  • Fever
  • A joint that looks to be twisted
  • A popping sound when your knee was hurt
  • Inability to bear bodyweight
  • Swelling that occurs suddenly

If your knee problem worsens to the point that it interferes with your normal activities or sleep, you should immediately see a doctor.

The most common causes of knee pain are:

  • Sports injuries.
  • Chronic joint wear and tear.
  • Daily overuse from repetitive motion.

Many factors can cause knee pain, but the most common is torn ligaments. The four ligaments that connect the knee joint bones are susceptible to damage. Anterior cruciate ligament rupture (ACL) is one of the most common sports injuries. If the ACL is torn, the knee becomes unstable. Physical therapy or surgical repair may be required depending on the extent of the rupture.

Suppose you experience sharp knee pain when you bend it. In that case, the most common causes are a torn ligament or meniscus, a bone fracture in the knee joint, osteoarthritis, or patellar tendonitis. Your doctor will ask you to describe in detail the exact location of your knee and the type of pain. This will help your doctor determine the exact cause of your knee pain.

Post-run muscle soreness is common whether you're an experienced runner or a beginner. However, if your knees feel uncomfortable after running, you may have a more serious problem. If the pain is severe or your knee is swollen and doesn't go away after a week, see your doctor or physiotherapist immediately. They may also suggest stretches or exercises to help you recover.

Knee ailments have many causes and can affect people of all ages. The following are the five symptoms of a knee injury:

  1. Knee stiffness
  2. Reduced mobility of the knee and tenderness
  3. Pain that extends from the knee to the leg, hip, and foot
  4. Knee inflammation
  5. Popping sound in the knee

Fractures: An impactful trauma causes fractures around the knee to the area, such as falls from height or car accidents.

Dislocation: A dislocation occurs when the knee bones are dislocated in whole or part.

Tear in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL): This is common in sports such as football, soccer, and basketball. The ACL can be torn if you change direction quickly or land poorly following a jump.

The common knee pain symptoms include:

  • Knee swelling, warmth, or redness
  • A tightness or buckling sensation in your knee
  • A burning feeling in your knee
  • Muscle spasms around the knee regularly
  • Calf, hip, shin, ankle, or thigh pain
  • Inability to completely extend your leg due to weakness

If you have persistent knee pain or if it interferes with your everyday activities, see an orthopedic doctor immediately.